ASME BPVC.II.D.C-2021

2021 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II: Materials - Part D: Properties (Customary)

STANDARD by ASME International, 07/01/2021

ISBN(s):9780791874073

Number of Pages:1474

Product Scope / Abstract

This Section is a "Service Section" for reference by the BPVC construction Sections providing tables of material properties including allowable, design, tensile and yield stress values, physical properties and external pressure charts and tables. Part D facilitates ready identification of materials to specific Sections of the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. Part D contains appendices which contain criteria for establishing allowable stress, the bases for establishing external pressure charts, and information required for approval of new materials. Access to the online version of the stress tables is included with purchase of this hard copy.

Careful application of this Section will help users to comply with applicable regulations within their jurisdictions, while achieving the operational, cost and safety benefits to be gained from the many industry best-practices detailed within these volumes.

Intended for manufacturers, users, constructors, designers and others concerned with the design, fabrication, assembly, erection, examination, inspection and testing of pressure vessels, plus all potential governing entities.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv

Statement of Policy on the Use of the ASME Single Certification Mark and Code Authorization in Advertising xvii

Statement of Policy on the Use of ASME Marking to Identify Manufactured Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii

Submittal of Technical Inquiries to the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standards Committees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xviii

Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxi

Summary of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xlii

List of Changes in Record Number Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xlix

Cross-Referencing and Stylistic Changes in the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l

Subpart 1 Stress Tables

................................................... 1

Statement of Policy on Information Provided in the Stress Tables . . . . . . . . 1

Guideline on Locating Materials in Stress Tables, and in Tables of Mechanical

and Physical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Subpart 2 Physical Properties Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1091

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1091

Subpart 3 Charts and Tables for Determining Shell Thickness of Components Un

der External Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1132

Mandatory Appendix 1 Basis for Establishing Stress Values in Tables 1A and 1B . . . . . . . . . . . . 1262

1-100 Derivation of Allowable Stress Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1262

Mandatory Appendix 2 Basis for Establishing Design Stress Intensity Values for Tables 2A, 2B,

and 4, and Allowable Stress Values for Table 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1264

2-100 Derivation of Stress Intensity Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1264

Mandatory Appendix 3 Basis for Establishing External Pressure Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1267

3-100 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1267

3-200 Basis of Charts in Subpart 3

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1267

3-300 Use of Charts in Subpart 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1267

3-400 Background and Development of Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1267

3-500 Design Basis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1267

3-600 Criteria for Allowable Stresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1268

3-700 Procedure and Responsibility for Chart Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1271

3-800 Alternate Procedure for Determining Allowable Compressive Stresses . . . . 1272

3-900 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1272

Mandatory Appendix 5 Guidelines on the Approval of New Materials Under the ASME Boiler and

Pressure Vessel Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1274

5-100 Code Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1274

5-200 Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1274

5-300 Chemical Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1276

5-400 Metallurgical Structure and Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1276

5-500 Mechanical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1276

5-600 Definitions for Data Collection Purposes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1276

5-700 Required Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1276

5-800 Time-Independent Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1277

5-900 Time-Dependent Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1277

5-1000 Low-Temperature Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1279

5-1100 Toughness Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1279

iii5-1200 StressStrain Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1279

5-1300 Fatigue Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1279

5-1400 Physical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1279

5-1500 Data Requirements for Welds, Weldments, and Weldability . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1280

5-1600 Long-Term Properties Stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1280

5-1700 Requests for Additional Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1280

5-1800 New Materials Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1280

5-1900 Requirements for Recognized National or International Specifications . . . . 1282

5-2000 Publication of Recognized National or International Specifications . . . . . . . 1282

5-2100 CEN Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1282

Mandatory Appendix 6 Basis for Establishing Stress Values in Tables 6A, 6B, 6C, and 6D . . . . 1284

6-100 Derivation of Allowable Stress Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1284

Mandatory Appendix 7 Guidelines on Multiple Marking of Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1286

7-100 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1286

7-200 Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1286

Mandatory Appendix 9 Standard Units for Use in Equations

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1288

Mandatory Appendix 10 Basis for Establishing Maximum Allowable Stress Values for Tables 5A

and 5B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1289

10-100 Derivation of Allowable Stress Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1289

Nonmandatory Appendix A Issues Associated With Materials Used in ASME Code Construction . . . 1291

A-100 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1291

A-200 Metallurgical Changes That Can Occur in Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1292

A-300 Uniform Corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1299

A-400 Localized Corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1302

A-500 Metallurgically Influenced Corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1303

A-600 Mechanically Assisted Corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1304

A-700 Environmmentally Induced Embrittlement and Cracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1305

A-800 Mechanical Damage Mechanisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1309

Nonmandatory Appendix B Developing Nominal Composition Designations for ASME Code

Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1311

B-100 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1311

B-200 General Guideline for All Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1311

B-300 Guidelines for Developing Nominal Composition Designations for Ferrous

Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1312

B-400 Guidelines for Developing Nominal Composition Designations for Nonferrous

Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1312

B-500 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1313

Nonmandatory Appendix C Guidance for the Use of U.S. Customary and SI Units in the ASME Boiler

and Pressure Vessel Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1314

C-100 Use of Units in Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1314

C-200 Guidelines Used to Develop SI Equivalents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1314

C-300 Soft Conversion Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1316

Nonmandatory Appendix D Guidelines for Rounding Minimum Specified Tensile and Yield Strength

Values and for Establishing Anchor Points for Tensile and Yield

Strength Trend Curves in Tables 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3, 4, 5A, 5B, U,

and Y-1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1317

D-100 Minimum Tensile Strength and Minimum Yield Strength Columns . . . . . . . 1317

D-200 Selecting Anchor Point for Tensile and Yield Strength Trend Curves for All

Situations in Which the Minimum RT Specified Values in One Unit System

Are Not Precise Conversions of the Units in the Other System . . . . . . . . . 1317

D-300 Significant Figures in the Allowable Stress, Tensile Strength, and Yield

Strength Tables in Section II, Part D and in Code Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1318

ivNonmandatory Appendix E Material Data for Stress Analysis in the Time-Dependent Regime . . . . 1319

E-100 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1319

FIGURES

G Geometric Chart for Components Under External or Compressive Loadings (for All Materials) 1133

CS-1 Chart for Determining Shell Thickness of Components Under External Pressure Developed for

Carbon or Low Alloy Steels With Specified Minimum Yield Strength Less Than 30,000 psi 1135

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