ASME BPVC.II.A-2021

2021 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II: Materials - Part A: Ferrous Material Specifications

STANDARD by ASME International, 07/01/2021

ISBN(s):9780791874035

Number of Pages:1771


Full Description

Product Scope / Abstract

This Section is a "Service Section" to the other BPVC Sections, providing material specifications for ferrous materials adequate for safety in the field of pressure equipment. These specifications contain requirements for chemical and mechanical properties, heat treatment, manufacture, heat and product analyses, and methods of testing. They are designated by SA numbers and are identical with or similar to those of specifications published by ASTM and other recognized national or international organizations.

Careful application of this Section will help users to comply with applicable regulations within their jurisdictions, while achieving the operational, cost and safety benefits to be gained from the many industry best-practices detailed within these volumes.

Intended for manufacturers, users, constructors, designers and others concerned with the design, fabrication, assembly, erection, examination, inspection and testing of pressure vessels, plus all potential governing entities.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii

Statement of Policy on the Use of the ASME Single Certification Mark and Code Authorization in Advertising xv

Statement of Policy on the Use of ASME Marking to Identify Manufactured Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv

Submittal of Technical Inquiries to the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standards Committees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvi

Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix

ASTM Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xl

Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xli

Specifications Listed by Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xlii

Specification Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l

Summary of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . li

List of Changes in Record Number Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . liv

Cross-Referencing and Stylistic Changes in the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . lv

SA-6/SA-6M Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Structural Steel Bars,

Plates, Shapes, and Sheet Piling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

SA-20/SA-20M Specification for General Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels 65

SA-29/SA-29M Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon and Alloy, Hot-Wrought, General Re

quirements for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

SA-31 Specification for Steel Rivets and Bars for Rivets, Pressure Vessels . . . . . . . 121

SA-36/SA-36M Specification for Carbon Structural Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

SA-47/SA-47M Specification for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131

SA-53/SA-53M Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and

Seamless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

SA-105/SA-105M Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings, for Piping Applications . . . . . . . . . . 169

SA-106/SA-106M Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service 177

SA-134/SA-134M Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (ARC)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and

Over) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

SA-135/SA-135M Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

SA-178/SA-178M Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel and Carbon

Manganese Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

SA-179/SA-179M Specification for Seamless Cold-Drawn Low-Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger

and Condenser Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211

SA-181/SA-181M Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings, for General-Purpose Piping . . . . . . 215

SA-182/SA-182M Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges,

Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service . . . 221

SA-192/SA-192M Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes for High-Pressure

Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237

SA-193/SA-193M Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting for High-Temperature

or High Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications . . . . . . 241

SA-194/SA-194M Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for High Pressure or

High Temperature Service, or Both . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255

SA-203/SA-203M Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267

SA-204/SA-204M Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Molybdenum . . . . . . . . 271

SA-209/SA-209M Specification for Seamless Carbon-Molybdenum Alloy-Steel Boiler and Su

perheater Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275

SA-210/SA-210M Specification for Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater

Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279

SA-213/SA-213M Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Super

heater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

iiiSA-214/SA-214M Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger

and Condenser Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301

SA-216/SA-216M Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for Fusion Welding for

High-Temperature Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305

SA-217/SA-217M Specification for Steel Castings, Martensitic Stainless and Alloy, for

Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for High-Temperature Service . . . . . 311

SA-225/SA-225M Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Manganese-Vanadium

Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319

SA-231/SA-231M Specification for Chromium-Vanadium Alloy Steel Spring Wire . . . . . . . . . . 323

SA-232/SA-232M Specification for Chromium-Vanadium Alloy Steel Valve Spring Quality Wire 329

SA-234/SA-234M Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for

Moderate and High-Temperature Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335

SA-240/SA-240M Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet,

and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications . . . . . . . . . . . 345

SA-249/SA-249M Specification for Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler, Superheater,

Heat-Exchanger, and Condenser Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361

SA-250/SA-250M Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Ferritic Alloy-Steel Boiler and

Superheater Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

SA-263 Specification for Stainless Chromium Steel-Clad Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377

SA-264 Specification for Stainless Chromium-Nickel Steel-Clad Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . 383

SA-265 Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Base Alloy-Clad Steel Plate . . . . . . . . . . 389

SA-266/SA-266M Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessel Components . . 397

SA-268/SA-268M Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel

Tubing for General Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403

SA-276 Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411

SA-278/SA-278M Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Pressure Containing Parts for Tem

peratures up to 650°F (350°C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423

SA-283/SA-283M Specification for Low and Intermediate Tensile Strength Carbon Steel Plates 429

SA-285/SA-285M Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, Low- and

Intermediate-Tensile Strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433

SA-299/SA-299M Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, Manganese-Silicon . 437

SA-302/SA-302M Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Manganese-Molybdenum

and Manganese-Molybdenum-Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441

SA-307 Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60 000 PSI Tensile Strength 445

SA-311/SA-311M Specification for Cold-Drawn, Stress-Relieved Carbon Steel Bars Subject to

Mechanical Property Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 451

SA-312/SA-312M Specification for Seamless, Welded, and Heavily Cold Worked Austenitic

Stainless Steel Pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457

SA-320/SA-320M Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting for Low-Temperature

Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 471

SA-325 Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum

Tensile Strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 479

SA-333/SA-333M Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Ser

vice and Other Applications With Required Notch Toughness . . . . . . . . . 489

SA-334/SA-334M Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for

Low-Temperature Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499

SA-335/SA-335M Specification for Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature

Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511

SA-336/SA-336M Specification for Alloy Steel Forgings for Pressure and High-Temperature

Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523

SA-350/SA-350M Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch

Toughness Testing for Piping Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533

SA-351/SA-351M Specification for Castings, Austenitic, Austenitic-Ferritic (Duplex), for

Pressure-Containing Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545

SA-352/SA-352M Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure

Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 553

ivSA-353/SA-353M Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Double-Normalized and

Tempered 9% Nickel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 559

SA-354 Specification for Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Bolts, Studs, and Other

Externally Threaded Fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563

SA-358/SA-358M Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Stain

less Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service and General Applications . 571

SA-369/SA-369M Specification for Carbon and Ferritic Alloy Steel Forged and Bored Pipe for

High-Temperature Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 581

SA-370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products . . . 587

SA-372/SA-372M Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Thin-Walled Pressure

Vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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